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26 août 2011 5 26 /08 /août /2011 12:26



Tribute to Mother Teresa : Nation marks Mother Teresa's 101st birth anniversary Today we join others in celebrating the birthday of Mother Teresa. Many happy returns of the day. She spent her life providing shelter to the needy and a sympathetic word to those suffering shall always be remembered. Had she been alive today she would have been 101 years old, but unfortunately she died at the ripe old age of 81years.


The living saint was born on 26th August 1910 in Skopje, Macedonia. She left this world on 5th September,1997. Mother Teresa was much appreciated by the world as she had received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979. Mother Teresa was probably one of the greatest women in the history of the world, who dedicated her entire life for serving humanity. An Albanian Catholic, Mother Teresa was not was not an Indian by birth but dedicated her life for the poverty stricken and grieved masses of India. Her selfless work towards the upliftment of the poverty stricken and down trodden is a glowing inspiration for all. Compassion, dignity and sympathy are the words that can describe Mother Teresa best and her every action was marked by these virtues.


Early Life of Mother Teresa Mother Teresa was born in Skopje, Macedonia (thenYugoslavia) on 26th August, 1910. Her original name was Agnes Goxa Bojaxiu and the youngest of the three siblings. She decided to work for the charity and at the age of 17 joined the catholic missionary as a nun. Later when she joined an Irish order, the Sisters of Loreto, she took the name Teresa. Teresa came to India in 1929, and on 24th May, 1931 she took her first religious vows as a nun. At that time Teresa taught geography and cathechism at the St. Mary`s School in Calcutta and was appointed the head mistress of the school in 1944. She was sent back to Darjeeling on being diagnosed with tuberculosis.


On the way back to Darjeeling in train she received what she called `the call within the call` and dedicated herself for missionary work following her departure from the Sisters of Loreto in 1948. Mother Teresa`s Social Services Mother Teresa soon became engaged with her charity work and received training on the basics of medicine from the Holy Family Hospital.

She developed a school in the slums for educating the poor children and also aided the poor of their sickness. She was joined in her effort by a group of voluntary helpers who initially rented a house for their selfless work. Later on October 7, 1950 Mother Teresa was granted permission from the Vatican to an order named as the Diocesan Congregation of the Calcutta Diocese which later came to be called as the Missionaries of Charity. The Missionaries of Charity which was set in motion with just 12 members now has thousands serving the poor.


With over 500 centres in more than 100 countries, the missionary runs AIDS hospices, orphanages, charity centres worldwide, and caring for disabled, aged, alcoholics, refugees, the blind, the poor and homeless and victims of floods, epidemics and famine in Asia, Africa, Latin America, North America, Poland, and Australia. In 1952 the Home for the dying was made available by the city of Calcutta. Mother Teresa also opened a hospice Shanti Nagar for the leprosy patients and Nirmala Shishu Bhavan for orphans and homeless children. In 1966 Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity Brothers.

Her missionaries outstretched to the corners of the world and established themselves in countries like Venezuela, Rome, Tanzania, Austria, Asia, Africa, Europe and the United States. Soon homes began to spring-up for drug addicts, prostitutes, battered women, orphanages and schools for poor children around the world. In 1985, Mother Teresa also developed hospice in New York for the AIDS victims. Mother Teresa travelled to far off countries to meet the needs of the destitute. She went to render service to the hungry in Ethiopia, radiation victims at Chernobyl, and earthquake victims in Armenia. Prizes and Honours For her selfless and devoted service for the deprived and underprivileged,

Mother Teresa won the most coveted and the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize and the Pope Jon XXIII in the year 1979.


She also received the Medal of Freedom, the highest US civilian award. She has been also bestowed with honorary US citizenship. For her extraordinary contribution to humanity she was bestowed with the Padma Shree award in 1962 and the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1969.

In 1980 she was honoured with India`s highest civilian award by the Indian government, the Bharat Ratna award. The Mother left the earthly abode on 5th September, 1997.

She was given a state funeral by the Indian Government in appreciation of her self-sacrificing service to the nation.

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